Granma Province, Cuba
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Granma Province

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Granma Province
Cuba Destinations - Granma Province Granma Province, in the southeast of the island, is at the heart of Cuba’s independence history. Since the earliest history records began in the largest island of the Antilles, this region has always shown strong support to rebels who’ve always taken part in battles of liberation.

When the Spanish conquerors arrived in the New World searching for gold and treasure, they found resistance mainly from people living in this region. Hatuey was a Taíno aboriginal chief, who had originated from an island known as Quisqueya (now known as the Dominican Republic and Haiti) who fought against the conquerors in his native land, and in Cuba. He’s known as the First Rebel of America. History relates that Hatuey was burnt alive at the stake in the region of Yara (now in the Granma municipality), while defending the territory of Cuba. Even today he’s considered a national hero.

On October 10th 1868, the Father of the Nation, Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, rang the bells of his sugar mill La Demajagua in this eastern province. The ringing of the bells at this moment signified the liberation of his slaves and the armed uprising of Cubans against the colonial powers. This is the considered the first fundamental moment in the fight for independence for the island.

The other historic event involves the poet and journalist José Martí, hero and principal architect of the so-called Necessary War against the Spanish colonial powers in Spain. Known as the Apostle of Cuba, he died in combat on May 19th 1895 in an area known as Dos Ríos, in Granma province.

In 1956 Fidel Castro and other revolutionaries landed along Granma’s coastline in a small cabin cruiser coming from Mexico. It was a terrifyingly dramatic sea crossing made to launch the Cuban Revolution; the vessel was named Granma. In 1976 the province was honored with this name.

Granma’s capital is Bayamo , birthplace of the national anthem. Bayamo celebrated its 500th anniversary in 2013.

The province also has many natural attractions, including the Desembarco del Parque Nacional Granma , a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The area, which is situated in and around Cabo Cruz in southeast Cuba, includes spectacular terraces and impressive coastal cliffs.

Marea del Portillo Beach is a dark-sand (volcanic) beach on a gorgeous cove, with the Sierra Maestra mountains as backdrop. It is a good place for scuba diving, snorkeling and other water sports.
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